Types Of Ants In Hawaii
When it comes to making themselves a pest, ants are on the top of the list. In fact, they are one of the most common pest problems reported to pest controllers. This is probably because many species can mobilize by the thousands and invade man-made structures and vehicles in a startlingly short amount of time. It could also be that some species destroy the wood in our homes, or plague us with painful bites. Whatever the reason, here are some ant species you can expect to see if you live in Hawaii.
Pavement ants (Tetramorium caespitum)
These dark brown to black ants are one of the most common ants you'll find on your Hawaii property. While they are only 3/16 of an inch, there can be thousands of pavement ants in a small area. And, although pavement ants are ground-nesting ants that are usually found in the cracks of pavement and concrete, they can come into your home in large numbers. Fortunately, they do not bite.
Pharaoh ants (Monomorium pharaoensis)
This is another ant you're likely to find on your property, if you live in Hawaii. They are also common household invaders. At under 2mm in length, these reddish ants, with their dark tipped abdomen, can enter in mass numbers. A single colony can have several hundred thousand individual workers living in it.
Hawaiian carpenter ants (Camponotus variegatus)
Though this ant has "Hawaiian" in its name, it is actually not a native to the islands. It gets the name Hawaiian carpenter ant because it was first cataloged here. But, what you need to know, more than this, is that Hawaiian carpenter ants destroy wood. If you see these reddish black, 1.25 cm ants, crawling around your home, you should definitely have a professional do an inspection, and address the issue.
Tropical fire ants (Solenopsis geminata)
These tiny red ants with their dark tipped abdomen are known for their painful sting. For some, this sting can cause an allergic reaction. There is not usually too much to worry about with fire ants; most people can brush them off and get away from their stinging bites. But, for those who cannot get away from them, such as babies and invalids, these ants can be a threat.
White footed ants (Technomyrmex difficilis)
These black ants are recognizable by the white on the end of their legs, as their name suggests. White-footed ants don't cause structural damage or bite, but with over 3 million workers occupying a single colony, this is an ant that can make itself a pest, fast.
Argentine ants (Linepithema humile)
At 2.8 mm in length, these reddish brown ants are not much to look at. And, while they do not cause structural damage or bite, they can become a significant nuisance if they get inside your home. Fortunately, this is rare. Argentine ants prefer to be outside in the soil, crawling around in logs, or foraging under leaf cover.
Big-headed ants (Pheidole megacephala)
If there is a bully of the insect world, it would be the big-headed ant. These ants are considered an invasive species that is extremely efficient at killing native ant species. But, their invasive ways are not restricted to ants. It is believed that their presence will lead to the extinction of many lowland beetle species.
Crazy ants (Paratrechina longicornis)
These ants get their name because of the way they move around erratically, instead of in a straight line, like many other ant species. And, if you noticed that longicornis looks a little bit like "long horn," it isn't a coincidence. This ant species has long antennae that have caused some to give them the name longhorn crazy ants. Here in Hawaii, crazy ants are another invasive species. But, since the primary ants they kill are fire ants, some consider them to be a benefit. They are, however, not a benefit when they get into homes, vehicles, or electrical boxes.
Tiny yellow ant (Plagiolkepis alluaudi)
These are sweet-eating ants that commonly invade homes to find food. These tiny yellow ants are extremely hard to exterminate. If you're finding them on your property, it is vital to hire a pest control company that has certified entomologists on staff for effective removal.
At Sandwich Isle Pest Solutions, we industry-leading pest control professionals who hold national committee positions to help guide effective and safe pest control throughout the entire country. If you're dealing with ants, we can help. Reach out to us and tell us about your problem.